X-linked lymphoproliferative syndrome type-2 (XLP-2) is a primary immunodeficiency disease attributed to XIAP mutation and is triggered by infection. Here, we show that mouse Xiap-/- regulatory T cells (Treg cells) and human XIAP-deficient Treg cells are defective in suppressive function. The Xiap-/- Treg cell defect is linked partly to decreased SOCS1 expression. XIAP binds SOCS1 and promotes SOCS1 stabilization. Foxp3 stability is reduced in Xiap-/- Treg cells. In addition, Xiap-/- Treg cells are prone to IFN-secretion. Transfer of wild-type Treg cells partly rescues infection-induced inflammation in Xiap-/- mice. Notably, inflammation-induced reprogramming of Xiap-/- Treg cells can be prevented by blockade of the IL-6 receptor (IL-6R), and a combination of anti-IL-6R and Xiap-/- Treg cells confers survival to inflammatory infection in Xiap-/- mice. Our results suggest that XLP-2 can be corrected by combinatory treatment of autologous iTreg (induced Treg) cells and anti-IL-6R, bypassing the necessity to transduce XIAP into Treg cells.